Hook: After many years of fighting against their own people, Afghan women have finally integrated themselves into Afghan political life, however, call for action to advance and protect women’s rights has risen as talk of presidential candidates trying to make peace with the Taliban puts women’s rights in danger. Since just a decade ago Afghanistan was a completely male-dominated country, there is no question that there should be awareness that the political climate of Afghanistan is fragile and can change really quick. Moreover, seeing that a record breaking “300 women are running for provincial council seat around the country [and] for the first time a woman is running for vice president on a leading ticked,” a setback in women’s rights will not go down without a fight.  Hence, women seek to ensure their future before western influence disappears from Afghanistan and/or extremists gain back political power where “[women’s] celebratory moment [will be] also colored by the worry that those gains [could] so easily be reversed,” for some presidential candidates will still not allow their wives to make public appearances.  Nonetheless, as female political figure, Ms. Sarobi, stated: “people want some change and a woman on the ticket is [the start] for that change,” reassuring worried populace that a deterioration of core morals of newly acquired rights is unlikely, for many presidential candidates have figured out the value of women and have gone to women’s groups to take their opinions into account.  This change in views raises questions about the drastic change in political views in Afghanistan and the path that led to that change.
Early thesis: The Russian invasion in the late 1970s to keep communism in Afghanistan directly disturbed, destabilized, and dismantled women rights in Afghanistan that without external help and financial aid the future of women in Afghanistan is jeopardized.
Paragraph #3: analysis of the first era of change for women in the 1920s. 
Paragraph #4: analysis of the 1970s women movements and the controversial PDPA, which creates a path to the invasion. 
Paragraph #5: 1979~1989 Afghanistan’s decade long war because of the Russian invasion, which rips all the progress women had been making since the 1920s. 
Paragraph #6: Analysis of the condition of women after invasion. 
Paragraph #7: (I’m thinking of changing this paragraph to a contrast between three articles, one in 1970s before the invasion, one in 1979~1989, and one right after the invasion to really see the drastic change that took place. From women gaining a lot of recognition/rights to loosing everything gained) Just to compare the drastic change that took place here is what an American reporter, Fergus M. Bordewich, from The New York Times newspaper reported on December 9, 1973 when Afghanistan was still on the prime of male-dominance in their country. In a segment titled “Where Women Are an Annoyance That Disturbs the Symmetry of Life” he writes about the impossibility of feminism in Afghanistan after spending a significant amount of time in Afghanistan, a proclaimed Muslim country, and paying close attention to the status of Afghan women. Later he takes a cautionary tone toward travelers suggesting, especially female travelers, to “avoid some of the embarrassing, unpleasant, [and] even potentially dangerous situations” one can witness by visiting Afghanistan.  Further, he explains that the inferior behavior toward women is accepted in their society because of the highly religious culture they live in, where “a Muslim woman moves only as the shadow of a male… women do not have souls… [and] the most basic relationship is between men and God,” at last concluding that “to the average Muslim, a woman is a mere accessory of life.”  However, not taking into account that the Islam orthodox might have been taken to the extreme by religious extremists.
Conclusion: Talk about how this bipolar change that follows Afghanistan in regards to women’s rights is still happening today and western powers need to help and aid Afghan women. 
 Nordland Rod, “Wary hope for Afghan women: Candidates are trying to advance rights before Western influence fades,” International New York Times, April 3rd, 2014, http://search.proquest.com/news/docview/1511947273/C725E5DBC2564E3CPQ/1?accountid=14902 (Accessed February 2, 2017).
 International New York Times, April 3rd, 2014.
 International New York Times, April 3rd, 2014.
 Dr. Huma Ahmed-Ghosh, “A History of women in Afghanistan: Lessons Learnt for the Future Or Yesterdays and Tomorrow: Women in Afghanistan,” Journal of international women’s studies Vol. 4, issue #3 (May, 2003): pages 4-6
 Ahmed-Ghosh, “A History of women in Afghanistan: Lessons Learnt for the Future Or Yesterdays and Tomorrow: Women in Afghanistan,” pages 6-7
 Inger Marie Okkenhaug, Ingvild Flaskerud, Gender, religion and change in the Middle East: two hundred years of history (Oxford; New York: Berg, 2005) pp.
 Okkenhaug, Flaskerud, Gender, religion and change in the Middle East, pp.
 Ahmed-Ghosh, “A History of women in Afghanistan: Lessons Learnt for the Future Or Yesterdays and Tomorrow: Women in Afghanistan,” pages 7-10
 Fergus M. Bordewich, “Where Women Are an Annoyance That Disturbs the Symmetry of Life,” The New York Times, December 9, 1973, accessed February 7, 2017, http://search.proquest.com/docview/119750727/abstract/85C437A5D262418FPQ/7?accountid=14902.
 The New York Times, December 9, 1973.
 Sally Armstrong, Veiled threat: the hidden power of the women of Afghanistan (Toronto: Viking, 2002) pp.
Geographic focus: Western Europe and USA.
Search terms: Rights, Wom?n, Afghan*, histor*, Russia*, PDPA.
Primary Source Search Date Limiter: 1970s (start of women getting active/gaining rights) -1989 (women losing rights)
Historical Research Questions: How did the Russian invasion of 1979 affect women’s rights? And how did it affect the future of the country in regards to women’s issues?