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History 105 – Matthew Unangst – Fall 2017 History 105

RA 3

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The Jamaican drug problem has grown throughout my lifetime, increased numbers of opium and crack-cocaine users. The interesting thing Kingston is doing to get rid of this issue is offering cannabis as a treatment.  A study of the women and drug use in small areas in Kingston showed that weed is used a lot to alter the after effects with crack cocaine to lessen the want to continue smoking. Effects from crack can be extreme paranoia and higher chances of annorexia. A study of researchers analyzing a number of women who had been active crack cocaine users, starting using a “medicine” treatment containing cannabis in a cigarette. Having more effects and benefits for someone who has discontinued using the drug, though Kingston does not want to promote “multi drug use”, but helpful natural medicines to cope with the horrible aftermath of the drug.

“Crack Heads and Roots Daughters: The Therapeutic Use of Cannabis in Jamaica.” Taylor & Francis. Accessed October 09, 2017. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J175v02n03_08?journalCode=wzcn20.
 Q1: Where are all of these drugs coming from and how do the law enforcement deal with these issues?
Q2: Who conducted the research on the women/users?

Research Assignment #2 Cuba’s Foreign Relations

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1A) Sweig, Julia, Cuba, What Everyone Needs To Know Third Edition (Oxford University Press 2016)

Location: Holland/Terrell

Call Number:  F1788 .S955

Permalink: https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71247538200001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

1B) Muller, Dalia, Cuban Emigres & Independence in the Nineteenth-Century Gulf World (University of North Carolina Press 2017)

Location: Holland/Terrell

Call Number: F1392.C8 M85

Permalink: https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71255583210001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

2A) Del Aguila, Juan M. Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 32, no. 2 (1990): 188-93. doi:10.2307/166018.

www.jstor.org/stable/166018.

2B) Curry-Machado, Jonathan. Journal of Latin American Studies 38, no. 1 (2006): 194-96.

http://www.jstor.org/stable/3875661.

Research Question:

What historical events influenced Cuban political change in the first half of the twentieth century?

 

Africa needs to rebuild economy

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Africa receives roughly $50 billion in aid annually from foreign governments, and perhaps $13 billion more from private philanthropic institutions, according to Penta’s estimate. If they receive so much money, why do people make reference to their poverty? could it be that all this wealth is not yet enough to restore Africa? it appears so. Paul say that in 50 years, since he traveled there, it has gotten much worse. Africa has become poorer, sicker, and more badly educated. and even government has dropped the ball a few times. even when Africa boasts 55 verified billionaires, something is still wrong. What is the Story behind the fall of the rich African cities and culture?

Preliminary Geographic Focus:  Australia’s excessive mining success (https://search.proquest.com/usnews/docview/1024087882/30C249BFE1E94CC1PQ/35?accountid=14902)

Search Terms: Africa*, Econom*, hist*, improve*

Themes: this relates to humans and environment theme because there are people struggling her and they are in need of help. it also goes into inequality because, as i’m researching, there is some reason that Africa seems less developed than say Pullman or Seattle. this may eventually cause conflict and there may have even been some conflicts in the past.

Historical Questions:

  1. What did africa used to be or what happened to make things worse? what was the defining moment?
  2. Over the years, how many charities have developed towards african development efforts?

PT. 2 

John, Philips, “Writing African History”, 1952-2005 Holland/terrel Library ,DT19 .W75 2005  Perm: https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71113129460001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_Pullman&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

James, burns, :Historical problems of imperial Africa”, 1933-2008, holland/terrel, DT29. H57 2014  Perm: https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71204421720001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_Pullman&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

Articles: Melanie, shmutz . “South africa: Necessary but not Significant”, World Policy Journal, Spring 2016

Felix, edoho. “Globalization and Marginalization of Africa:Contextualization of China–Africa Relations”, Africa Today, Fall 2011

Added Historical Question:

How has Globalization affected and changed Africas daily cultures and lifestyle?

PT 3

i edited the time frame to be from 1900-1979, this gave me 17,075 results.

i filtered it into english and made sure the articles were peer reviewed. this got me down to 5,875 results, searching “africa needs aid”, this was not useful so i went through some of my key words, africa*, econ*, Histor*, improve.

so i did Africa* Econ*, and i got much better results. this was on the search it database.  The first article i looked upon was “international trade and investment sanctions”. By Richard Porter in Dec 1979.

https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_proquest59109369&context=PC&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

This is a primary source based on the ecomonic structure of africa back in 1979. intended maybe for the people back than that were concerned with africas financial and humanitary possition in the world, which was not very good. his purpose is to  clarify the idea of international economic sections  and to provide estimates of the short term  economic impact on South Africa. during a tme of confusion on how sanctions are supposed to work and what they had to do with africans, richard writes this from the university of michigan. now a white guy writing this about african americans may be judged as one sided before further inspection. but he is completely nuetral, just trying to fix a problem.

I used another database called “EBSCO”. i searched Africa* and Econ* again to see if i could get different perspective results.

i only got 380 results in this database, which made it easy to find a suitable article. “the united states and national liberation in southern Africa”. By Christopher, Cocker. July 1975-79.

Permalink: https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/openurl?genre=article&atitle=THE%20UNITED%20STATES%20AND%20NATIONAL%20LIBERATION%20IN%20SOUTHERN%20AFRICA.&title=African%20Affairs&issn=00019909&isbn=&volume=78&issue=312&date=19790701&aulast=Coker,%20Christopher&spage=319&pages=319330&sid=EBSCO:America:%20History%20%26%20Life:45760505&vid=WSU&institution=WSU&url_ctx_val=&url_ctx_fmt=null&isSerivcesPage=true

This is a primary source more based on a conflict that Africa, specifically southern Africa, had to go through involving the US. he targets an audience that seems a bit strange. is as if he is trying to educate, but he writes it like a story so its hard to tell who exactly he intends to learn from it, but education and awareness are his main purpose of his writing. the historical context of his writing takes place during the guerrilla war, which was more of an out poor of political disbursement. the war was essentially “a continuation of political relations in a brutal form”. gender and race compare to the audience in the sense that most people were being targeted by this terrifying guerrilla group. it could be assumed that america just gave up on Africa and that began their downfall, but that is not the case. during this time period however, Africa and America had major political discrepancies as well as arguments over radicalism and liberalism.

Primary source: “international trade and investment sanctions”. By Richard Porter in Dec 1979.

Permalink: https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=TN_proquest59109369&context=PC&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

source 1: “writing African History”:

i found this book very helpful because it gave an idea of how people see and write about the changes in the culture. they give alot of insight to how africa has developed over the years. they explain many changes in routines and even in political views. what was once possibly a state that that was imperialist overload, is starting to change. i like how this was my first source because it helped me understand all the other articles that i have read. i usually cant get into books, especially abouit histroy, but this was very educational.

Source 2: “Historical Problems of Imperial Africa”

this was perfect. exactly what i wanted, a history of Africas dilemmas and problems that they have had to go through. the invention of tradition was such a rich moment to capture. environmental and colonial changes spark a variety of new daily adaptions. this was a great follow up from my first resource. i never knew that there were so many specific parts to the african economy and culture. obviously i wish the book wasnt as long as it was, but it was needed to cover the vitality of african norms.

Source 3: “south africa, Necessary but not significant”.

i was glad to find this article. it gives a different approach to why africa seems so far behind. most of the other articles i read discuss economy, change and all that stuff. this reading went a little more into, what we could do without it. not directly saying that if it were gone, these are the possibilities. but she talks about north africa like it doesn’t need its abiding partner. and to be honest, the northern part of africa is doing alot better than the bottom portion. this was very eye opening and helpful.

Source 4:

This source was super helpful by giving a lot of background info that was yet to be covered. they talk about the relations between China and Africa. About  how they need to be understood as the logical outcomes of the marginalization of
Africa during a time of globalization. globalization is the development of a country in order to make an international influence. this ties in directly to the development of Africa as they are well known but have had trouble imposing an influence on the rest of the world. when you know where a country came from, you can recognize certain developments.

Source #5:

This source was helpful because it enlightened the possibility of many changes in development. It touches on the possibility that the world community might force changes in South Africa’s racial policies. it was great to have an article that was not about the economy directly, and gave a sort of different, “explanatory ” view on wanting changes. in the article, everything had to do with trade. specifically the imports and exports of africa. trade can sarcastically improve the economy of a country by providing improved ways of agriculture and business.

Source #6:

i loved this source because it touched on some early african struggles. it was very helpful and was well explained. it mentions a guerrilla group that seem to produce a great deal of tyranny throughout the southern region of africa. This helped africa in way to develop certain defenses against further brutality groups. this article also touched on some political differences that were not mentioned in previous sources. specifically Africa and Americas argument on liberalism and radicalism.

Thesis: we can see the developments in africa by examining, political history, inport and export developments, and economical advances through Globalization. this will help us see how africa used to be and maybe even give us more ideas on how they can still improve.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul, Theroux. ” Africa’s Aid Mess”. Barron’s; New York.  Pub. Dec 2, 2013, URL: oct 12, 2017

 

dha #1

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Assignment 1
Climate change is an issue that has been blown out of proportion yet “based on facts”. Thats not to say that climate change doesn’t exist, however they change the reports all to often saying that it will get more sever this year then we reach that year and they extend it.
In the report made by the IPCC “fifth assessment report” if you look deep enough you can find a more cautious picture of climate science. AR5 gets rid of these false claims. It favors a more conservative (not politically) approach that lets only the real facts bleed through. This AR5 speaks about mankind own involvement in climate change.

“Second Climate Thoughts.” 2014.Wall Street Journal, Apr 07. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1512930555?accountid=14902.

The preliminary geographic location is really the whole world be cause that is what is being effected by this but it could also be first world countries as they are the main contributors to global warming and are the ones who have identified it

Additional search items are as follows global warming, external forcing mechanisms, internal forcing mechanisms,

The themes that are mostly found with this research topic are
Critical and creative thing mainly critical because for one it makes one put aside ones beliefs on the topic, this is a hot topic where everyone has an opinion on the subject, and search for facts and only the facts clearly found by science we also must find the opinions and learn what ones are wrong and see while reading if this literature is opinion based or purely factual.
It also relates heavily on information literacy in the sense that we can’t just google the answer we have to dig deep enough to find the facts whilst also looking at the different view points on the subject

The questions I have are
QA how big is mankind influence on climate change and if its large enough how long have we been effecting it and to what severity have we effected it throughout the given time frame?
QB is mankind’s influence on climate change that severe that we are the main contributors to the issue or is it more of a natural occurrence in earths life span that shouldn’t concern us and if it is that severe is there anyway to fix what we have done

the brexit

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Research assignment #3

Armstrong, Kenneth A. Brexit Time : Leaving the EU–why, How and When? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

This book talks about why the UK left the EU. Between the recession in 2008 and the political issues. When the UK entered in 1973 and wanted to leave 2 short years later. The issues they had with the other countries in the EEC. The economical issues they have with the EU. The book talks about the issues they have in 1975 and in 2016 and what is in between.

“Britain After Brexit.” Journal of Democracy 28, no. 1 (2017): 16-16. https://muse.jhu.edu/ (accessed September 29, 2017)

This journal talks about what happens after June 2016 when the UK votes out of the EU. How the Prime minister resigns because he was against the bretix. How this changes their political life and how history and ancestors led up to this. They also address Donald Trump winning the election in the US and how he supports the brexit and how the citizens feel about it. They talk about how this affects the voters in Scotland and Ireland. Those who voted against leaving the EU. How this affects their relationship with countries who voted with it.

 

Buruma, I. (2016, Dec 04). Exit WOUNDS. New York Times Magazine, , 38-43,10. Retrieved

from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1845748647?accountid=14902

This article talks the basics of how the brexit happened. How Nigel Farage was known as the man behind brexit. Donald Trump was the one who named him that. It talks about why he did. It talks about what he did to be a part of the brexit and how he had an impact on the voters. This article compares Trump and Farage. How the voters felt after someone compared the two publically.

European Parliament. List of Working Documents.

*had to request from the library* This is a list of documents from when the UK joined the EEC (European Economic Community) which they joined in 1973 and voted to be out of in 2016 (brexit)

 

Evans, Geoffrey, and Tilley, James. The New Politics of Class : The Political Exclusion of the British Working Class. First ed. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2017.

This one isn’t focused on the brexit itself. It goes into the political and economic problems Britain had. The British part of the UK had problems with EU. This article goes into how the british working class conflicts with the government. Which is one of the main problems the British have with the EU.

 

Reenen, John Van. “Brexit’s Long-Run Effects on the U.K. Economy.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 2016, no. 2 (2016): 367-383. https://muse.jhu.edu/ (accessed September 29, 2017).

This article goes over what could happen in the long run now that the brexit has passed. It talks mostly about what would happen to the economy. It shortly talks about the short run effects and the medium run effects. It has a few main points. Trade, foreign investment, immigration, regulations, and so on. It talks how this things may be affected by them leaving the EU. How most of their resources were in the EU. What will happen after they left and if they could have the same deals they had before. How this will affect their relationships with their surrounding countries.

Child Labor in Foreign Countries

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Assignment 1

Research topic: Child Labor

Analysis:

People question if underdeveloped or the developing countries are able to follow the rules enforced by international organizations while encouraging human rights at the same time. It has been announced that the United States is expected to cut off all importations of certain items manufactured with forced child labor in India and Pakistan. Producers in Pakistan and India may be one of the main promoters of child labor, but they are not the only ones benefiting from it. The violation of the rights of these children also have a positive outcome for the retailers and consumers in the United States and other Western countries because they are still receiving the products they want. People started placing the blame for the existence of child labor on poverty, which is false. It was the market for cheap labor in the form of child and female labor that drove parents to have more children, not poverty and not because they wanted to put them to work. Failure of development efforts over the past 50 years is the reason why child labor still exists.

 

Portland Press Herald, U.S. MUST GET SERIOUS ON RIGHT. (1999, Feb 14). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/276896319?accountid=14902

 

Encyclopedia:

Weir, Robert E. Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO, 2013. EBSCOhost, www.systems.wsu.edu/scripts/wsuall.pl?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=533927&site=ehost-live.

 

Themes:

  1. The first theme I chose was humans and the environment. I believe this theme will help me frame and contextualize my chosen topic because the violation of human rights is one of the main issues related to my topic.
  2. The second theme I chose was inequality. I believe this theme will help me frame and contextualize my chosen topic because child labor is an example of humans not being treated equally. People are mistreating children for their own personal benefit.    

 

Questions:

QA: Will certain countries continue to produce and manufacture the goods they need even though they are violating human rights?

QB: Are there solutions or resources that can be used to replace child labor entirely?

 

 

Assignment 2

Monographs:

Child Labor: An American History

URL:

https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71195357230001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

Citation (1A):

Hindman, H. (2002). Child labor : An American history (Issues in work and human resources). Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.

Child Labor in America: A History

URL:

https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71193550710001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

 

Citation (1B): 

Kielland, Anne., and Tovo, Maurizia C. Children at Work : Child Labor Practices in Africa. Boulder, Colo., Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.

Location: Holland/Terrell Libraries

Call number: HD6250.A352 K54 2006

URL:

https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71168150590001451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US

 

History Scholarly Journal Articles:

Citation (2A): “Journal of Labor Economics.” Journal of Labor Economics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 553–579. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/513297.

 

Citation (2B): Saad-Lessler, Joelle. “A CROSS-NATIONAL STUDY OF CHILD LABOR AND ITS DETERMINANTS.” The Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 44, no. 1, 2010, pp. 325–344. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41428208.

 

Assignment 3

Step 1: Date range 1899-1960

 

Step 2: The primary source I found off of the database ProQuest is a historical newspaper article that was written in 1926. This article is directed at the all the people who read the New York Times. The purpose of this source is to educate the people on the children who are forced into labor and their conditions. During the time this article was written, the British and American civic societies were coming together to help save the children who were forced into labor. I would assume that the author is much older than the children they are writing about. They are observing child labor and the conditions in which the children are living in. after reading this article, one can assume that people are going to put a stop to child labor in Shanghai.  

 

Step 3:  

CHILD LABORERS FLOOD SHANGHAI. (1926, Apr 18). New York Times

(1923-Current File) Retrieved from

https://search.proquest.com/docview/103852412?accountid=14902

 

Step 4:

  1.  Portland Press Herald, U.S. MUST GET SERIOUS ON RIGHT. (1999, Feb 14). Retrieved

from https://search.proquest.com/docview/276896319?accountid=14902

 

People question if underdeveloped or the developing countries are able to follow the rules enforced by international organizations while encouraging human rights at the same time. It has been announced that the United States is expected to cut off all importations of certain items manufactured with forced child labor in India and Pakistan. Producers in Pakistan and India may be one of the main promoters of child labor, but they are not the only ones benefiting from it. The violation of the rights of these children also have a positive outcome for the retailers and consumers in the United States and other Western countries because they are still receiving the products they want. People started placing the blame for the existence of child labor on poverty, which is false. It was the market for cheap labor in the form of child and female labor that drove parents to have more children, not poverty and not because they wanted to put them to work. Failure of development efforts over the past 50 years is the reason why child labor still exists.

 

  1. Hindman, H. (2002). Child labor : An American history (Issues in work and human

resources). Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.

https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71195357230001

451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en

_US

 

Child labor is a common problem for economically underdeveloped nations. There have not yet been findings of any major advanced nation that did not take advantage of child labor. It was predictable during times of bad economic development because it was cheap and easy to access. Young boys and girls would have to work sixty and seventy-hour weeks. They were drawn to work in agriculture and food processing at such a young age, so young that the term “infant labor” would’ve been appropriate. Child labor is considered to be a continuous social and economic problem in history and the world today.  

 

  1. Kielland, Anne., and Tovo, Maurizia C. Children at Work : Child Labor Practices in

Africa. Boulder, Colo., Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006.

https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=CP71168150590001

451&context=L&vid=WSU&search_scope=WSU_everything&tab=default_tab&lang=en

_US

 

  1. “Journal of Labor Economics.” Journal of Labor Economics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 553–579.

JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/513297.

It has been reported that approximately 166 million children between the ages 5-14 were classified as child laborers. These kids are involved in hazardous work that jeopardizes the child’s safety, health and moral development. Some families can withdraw their children from work and educate them once their income reaches a minimum level. The Asian Pacific region, sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America take advantage of child labor the most out of all the places in the world. Child labor has been recognized as an effect of the global economy that must be eliminated. But child labor could also be increased by trade liberalization. A way to reduce the incidence of child labor is to increase the emigration of skilled workers.         

 

  1. Saad-Lessler, Joelle. “A CROSS-NATIONAL STUDY OF CHILD LABOR AND ITS

DETERMINANTS.” The Journal of Developing Areas, vol. 44, no. 1, 2010, pp. 325–344. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41428208.

 

Child labor has been blamed on poverty, corporate greed, parental neglect and an increase of globalization. A lot of the time the parents are forced to send their children to work because their own income is too low. It has been discovered that countries with high GDP growth rates and fertility rates had higher child labor rates. Child labor rates were much lower in the countries with more public education and a large share of their labor force in the military. African countries rely on child labor due to their low GDP and life expectancy unlike the countries in Western Europe who don’t need child labor because of their high GDP and life expectancy. The best way to reduce and eventually eliminate child labor all together is to improve GDP per capita and to expand trade.

 

  1. CHILD LABORERS FLOOD SHANGHAI. (1926, Apr 18). New York Times

(1923-Current File) Retrieved from

https://search.proquest.com/docview/103852412?accountid=14902

 

British and American civic societies are engaging in a campaign against the existence of child labor in Shanghai factories and mills. They are arguing that the children forced into labor aren’t getting paid the money they work for and are living in conditions that are basically those of slavery. Over 22,000 Chinese children who are under the age of 12, are working 12 hours days with no more than a 1 hour lunch break. Children are sent to work in the mill or factory as soon as they become of any value to the employer. Parents sell the service of their children to employers for as little as 2 dollars a month. The Child Labor Commission has visited many mills and factories and have witnessed many children working who could not be older than 6. The Commission have a few mild recommendations that they will be presenting at the annual meeting of the taxpayers. They hope that the reforms they present will be recognized and acted upon.      

 

Step 5: In certain countries the worst forms of child labor still appear in the workplace despite historical efforts to create laws to prevent such activities.   

 

 

Honor Killings in the Middle East

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Honor Killings in the Middle East

In the modern day world women are seen fighting for their rights on all different levels across the globe.  In certain parts of the middle east men are ordering the deaths and personally murdering the women in their families as a punishment for actions they did that the men saw as not ‘honorary’ to the family name.  Qandeel Baloch was suffocated to death by her own brother for posting ‘playful’ photos of herself on the internet.  Girls and women may be stabbed, stoned, burned, suffocated, and beaten for something as simple as talking to a stranger without the permission of a man in her family.  Actions are being taken everywhere from the United Nations to Canada to stop these unruly acts of violence, however the problem can be backed by Sharia law.  In Sharia law, families may forgive someone for murdering a part of their family.  This is a modern issue that must be brought to an end.

Charleston Gazette, 5 August 2016

Geographic Focus: Pakistan, Afghanistan, India

Additional Search Terms: Qandeel Baloch, Sharia law, religion

Common Themes: A common theme that addresses this topic is inequality.  This is a given, for the women are being treated unequally to the depths of extremes by losing their own lives with no say.  Men have the power to take an innocent humans life because their own ego was hurt.  The common theme of conflict arises when looking at this issue from a modern human rights stance versus a centuries old religious tradition stance.  Society must agree where the line between church and government may be drawn.

QA: How much power will the government have when telling a religious group what is and is not lawful?

QB:  How devoted are woman to their own culture to stand up for their rights on this issue?

 


 

1a.) Benninger-Budel, Carin. Due diligence and its application to protect women from violence. Leiden: Brill, 2009.

 

http://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?tabs=viewOnlineTab&ct=display&fn=search&doc=CP71189233190001451&indx=2&recIds=CP71189233190001451&recIdxs=1&elementId=1&renderMode=poppedOut&displayMode=full&frbrVersion=&vl(462272211UI6)=Year&mulIncFctN=facet_rtype&dscnt=0&vl(1UIStartWith0)=contains&vl(1UIStartWith2)=contains&vl(462272208UI2)=any&vid=WSU&mode=Advanced&vl(462272212UI6)=00&vl(D462272218UI5)=all_items&tab=default_tab&vl(boolOperator1)=AND&vl(freeText1)=hist*&fctIncV=books&dstmp=1507579752966&vl(D462272217UI3)=all_items&rfnGrpCounter=1&frbg=&vl(462272216UI1)=any&vl(462272213UI6)=00&rfnIncGrp=1&scp.scps=scope%3A%28P%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU%29%2Cscope%3A%28E-WSU%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM1%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM3%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM4%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM5%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM6%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM%29%2Cscope%3A%28WSU_CDM2%29&vl(1UIStartWith1)=contains&srt=rank&vl(462272209UI6)=00&vl(462272210UI6)=00&vl(473839574UI0)=any&vl(boolOperator0)=AND&vl(741170945UI4)=all_items&vl(462272214UI6)=Year&Submit=Search&vl(freeText2)=Paki*&vl(boolOperator2)=AND&vl(freeText0)=wom*&dum=true

 

 

1b.) McLeod, John. History of India. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.

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2a.) Matthew A. Goldstein. “The Biological Roots of Heat-of-Passion Crimes and Honor Killings.” Politics and the Life Sciences 21, no. 2 (2002): 28-37. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4236668.

2b.) Ruggi, Suzanne. “Commodifying Honor in Female Sexuality: Honor Killings in Palestine.” Middle East Report, no. 206 (1998): 12-15. doi:10.2307/3012473. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3012473

 

Research Question: Will the fight for modern day equality rights overrule century old traditions such as Honor Killings?

Ukraine-Russian Relations

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Research Assignment #2

1B

Szporluk, Roman. Russia, Ukraine, and the Breakup of the Soviet Union. Stanford University, Stanford CA: Hoover Institution Press, 2000.

Holland/Terrell Libraries DK67.5.U38 S98 2000

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2B

Wilson, Andrew. Ukraine Crisis: What It Means For The West. Yale University Press: New Haven and London, 2014

Holland/Terrell Libraries DK508.849 W55 2014

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SJ1

Bercean, I. (2016). UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S NEW ART OF WAR. On – Line Journal Modelling the New Europe, (21), 155-174. (Accessed October 8, 2017)

SJ2

Jurkovicová, L., Miroslava, S., & Volodimir, K. (2013). The Scientific and Cultural Background of the Innovation Development in Slovak Republic, Ukraine, Russia and Hungary. Studia Commercialia Bratislavensia, 6(22), 209-233. (Accessed October 9, 2017)

Research Question: In the analysis of Ukraine’s induction into the Russian Empire to the rise and fall of the USSR and the present state of Ukraine, what are the primary military, political, and economic factors that created tensions between the two nations for almost a century and a half?

RA 2

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The Jamaican drug problem has grown throughout my lifetime, increased numbers of opium and crack-cocaine users. The interesting thing Kingston is doing to get rid of this issue is offering cannabis as a treatment.  A study of the women and drug use in small areas in Kingston showed that weed is used a lot to alter the after effects with crack cocaine to lessen the want to continue smoking. Effects from crack can be extreme paranoia and higher chances of annorexia. A study of researchers analyzing a number of women who had been active crack cocaine users, starting using a “medicine” treatment containing cannabis in a cigarette. Having more effects and benefits for someone who has discontinued using the drug, though Kingston does not want to promote “multi drug use”, but helpful natural medicines to cope with the horrible aftermath of the drug.

“Crack Heads and Roots Daughters: The Therapeutic Use of Cannabis in Jamaica.” Taylor & Francis. Accessed October 09, 2017. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J175v02n03_08?journalCode=wzcn20.
 Q1: Where are all of these drugs coming from and how do the law enforcement deal with these issues?
Q2: Who conducted the research on the women/users?

Gender Equality in Liberia

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Research Assignment #2

1B

Gbowee, Leymah., and Mithers, Carol Lynn. Mighty Be Our Powers : How Sisterhood, Prayer, and Sex Changed a Nation at War : A Memoir. New York : London: Beast ; Perseus Running [distributor], 2011.

Holland/Terrell Libraries HQ1236.5.L53.G36.2011

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2B

Johnson-Sirleaf, Ellen. This Child Will Be Great : Memoir of a Remarkable Life by Africa’s First Woman President. 1st ed. New York: Harper, 2009.

Holland/Terrell Libraries HQ1236.5.L53 G36 2011

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SJ1

Press, Robert M. ““GUIDED BY THE HAND OF GOD”: LIBERIAN WOMEN PEACEMAKERS AND CIVIL WAR.” The Review of Faith & International Affairs 8, no. 1 (2010): 23-29. https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu. (accessed September 30, 2017)

SJ2

Douglas, Sarah. “This Hut Is Working For Me.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 16, no. 1 (2014): 1-8. https://searchit.libraries.wsu.edu. (accessed September 30, 2017)

Research Question:

How did Liberia’s first and second civil war change women roles in politics and peace making polices in West Africa?